Despite all the actions already taken, the species is still declining in numbers. If the decline is not halted in the near future, it will be too late. The activities that need to be initiated in the (near) future to stop this species from declining further are described in the Plan d’Action National pour le Conservation du Singe Magot (PANSM) – the national conservation action plan, created in 2011. The most pressing actions that need to be done are:
Management plan Parc National d’Ifrane. The most important measure that is needed is a very large reduction in livestock grazing, a plan to restrict grazing to specific areas in the park, so that areas can regenerate and some areas will be off limits for grazing, less human activities in the region, strict controlled logging, and effective replanting of cedar and oak trees (creation of corridors between fragmented forest patches).
All human impact in this region should be sustainable and a balance is required between human activities and nature. More forest guards are needed, with a higher income so that they feel the need to really protect the area’s, and they need a structure in which they can enforce the laws when people break them.
An eco-guard squad would be optimal.
Local communities should be educated on the fact that saving the forests and its inhabitants is in their own interest. However, not only on local level people should be educated, also on national level it is important to change the attitude towards preserving wildlife and their environment .
Strict law enforcement on trade. The new national law on wildlife trade is well written. If the law is implemented and enforced correctly, this will have a huge impact in tackling the illegal trade. This way open trade of Barbary macaques on the markets in Morocco will end. Traders should be punished and macaques that are offered for sale should be confiscated immediately. It is expected that if the open trade is put to a halt, that the trade in Barbary macaques will decrease up to 60%.
Education of potential buyers. In Europe the potential buyers should be informed about the illegality and the risks of buying Barbary macaques as a pet during their stay in Morocco.
Rescue and rehabilitation center. A rescue and rehabilitation center is needed in Morocco so that the confiscated macaques can be taken there for shelter and possibly be reintroduced in the future. SPANA (www.spana.org) and MPC are already working on this aspect, together with the Rabat zoo and the Moroccan authorites. This measure is part of the PANSM. The most important goal is that the customs and the Moroccan authorities have a place to take the confiscated macaques, which will stimulate the enforcement of the new wildlife trade law.
Strict control at borders. The Moroccan customs should increase the control on wildlife trade from Morocco to Spain. At the moment Morocco serves as a passage from West/ North Africa to Europe when it comes to trade in wildlife (products). In October 2009 WWF MedPo, SSN together with MPC organised the first CITES training for the Moroccan customs officers.